Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

FAIR VALUE

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FAIR VALUE
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
FAIR VALUE FAIR VALUE
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.  Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.  The Company uses a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value which are the following:

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Financial Assets and Liabilities

As required, financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input requires judgment and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.  The following tables set forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

  Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2020 Using
(In thousands) Quoted Prices In Active Markets for Identical Assets (Liabilities)
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Commodity Derivatives – Current Asset $ —    $ 156,436    $ —   
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Asset —    34,566    —   
Commodity Derivatives – Current Liabilities —    (616)   —   
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —    (582)   —   
Interest Rate Derivatives – Current Liabilities —    (583)   —   
Interest Rate Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —    (846)   —   
Total $ —    $ 188,375    $ —   

  Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2019 Using
 (In thousands) Quoted Prices In Active Markets for Identical Assets (Liabilities)
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Commodity Derivatives – Current Asset $ —    $ 5,628    $ —   
Commodity Derivatives – Current Liabilities —    (11,298)   —   
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Asset —    8,554    —   
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —    (8,079)   —   
Total $ —    $ (5,195)   $ —   
Commodity Derivatives. The Level 2 instruments presented in the tables above consist of commodity derivative instruments (see Note 11).  The fair value of the Company’s commodity derivative instruments is determined based upon future prices, volatility and time to maturity, among other things. Counterparty statements are utilized to determine the value of the commodity derivative instruments and are reviewed and corroborated using various methodologies and significant observable inputs.  The Company’s and the counterparties’ nonperformance risk is evaluated.  The fair value of commodity derivative contracts is reflected on the condensed balance sheet.  The current derivative asset and liability amounts represent the fair values expected to be settled in the subsequent twelve months.

Interest Rate Derivatives. The Level 2 instruments presented in the tables above consist of interest rate derivative instruments (see Note 11).  The fair value of the Company’s interest rate derivative instruments is determined based upon contracted notional amounts, active market-quoted LIBOR yield curves, and time to maturity, among other things. Counterparty statements are utilized to determine the value of the interest rate derivative instruments and are reviewed and corroborated using various methodologies and significant observable inputs.  The Company’s and the counterparties’ nonperformance risk is evaluated.  The fair value of interest rate derivative contracts is reflected on the condensed balance sheet.  The current derivative asset and liability amounts represent the fair values expected to be settled in the subsequent twelve months.

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of cash equivalents, receivables and payables approximate fair value due to the highly liquid or short-term nature of these instruments.

Long-term debt is not presented at fair value on the balance sheets, as it is recorded at carrying value, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and unamortized premium or discount (see Note 4).  The fair value of the Company’s Second Lien Notes is $254.2 million and $434.4 million at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The fair value of the Company’s Second Lien Notes are based on active market quotes, which represent Level 1 inputs.

There is no active market for the Revolving Credit Facility or the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note. The recorded value of the Revolving Credit Facility approximates its fair value because of its floating rate structure based on the LIBOR spread, secured interest, and the Company’s borrowing base utilization. The recorded fair value of the VEN Bakken Note is based primarily on estimated current rates available to us for debt of the same remaining duration and adjusted for nonperformance risk and credit risk (see Note 3). The fair value measurements for the Revolving Credit Facility and the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note represent Level 2 inputs.

Non-Financial Assets and Liabilities

The Company estimates asset retirement obligations pursuant to the provisions of ASC 410.  The initial measurement of asset retirement obligations at fair value is calculated using discounted cash flow techniques and based on internal estimates of future retirement costs associated with oil and natural gas properties.  Given the unobservable nature of the inputs, including plugging costs and reserve lives, the initial measurement of the asset retirement obligations liability is deemed to use Level 3 inputs.  Asset retirement obligations incurred and acquired during the six months ended June 30, 2020 were approximately $0.3 million.

Though the Company believes the methods used to estimate fair value are consistent with those used by other market participants, the use of other methods or assumptions could result in a different estimate of fair value.  There were no transfers of financial assets or liabilities between Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 inputs for the six months ended June 30, 2020.