|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]|
|STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION||STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company maintains its 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”), which replaced the Company’s prior 2013 Incentive Plan (the “2013 Plan”), for making equity-based awards to employees, directors and other eligible persons. No future awards will be made under the 2013 Plan. The 2013 Plan continues to govern awards that were made thereunder, which remain in effect pursuant to their terms. As of September 30, 2020, there were 971,055 shares available for future awards under the 2018 Plan.
The Company recognizes the fair value of stock-based compensation awards expected to vest over the requisite service period as a charge against earnings, net of amounts capitalized. The Company’s stock-based compensation awards are accounted for as equity instruments and are included in the “General and administrative” line item in the unaudited statements of operations. The Company capitalizes a portion of stock-based compensation for employees who are directly involved in the acquisition of oil and natural gas properties into the full cost pool. Capitalized stock-based compensation is included in the “Oil and natural gas properties” line item on the unaudited balance sheets.
The 2018 Plan and 2013 Plan award types are summarized as follows:
Restricted Stock Awards
The Company issues restricted stock awards (“RSAs”) subject to various vesting conditions as compensation to executive officers, employees and directors of the Company. RSAs issued to employees and executive officers generally vest over three years, provided that any performance and/or market conditions are also met. RSAs issued to directors generally vest over one year, provided that any performance and/or market conditions are also met. For RSAs subject to service and/or performance vesting conditions, the grant-date fair value is established based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on such date. Stock-based compensation expense for awards subject to only service conditions is recognized on a straight-line basis over the service period. Stock-based compensation expense for awards with both service and performance conditions is recognized on a graded basis only if it is probable that the performance condition will be achieved. The Company accounts for forfeitures of awards granted under these plans as they occur in determining stock-based compensation expense.
For awards subject to a market condition, the grant-date fair value is estimated using a Monte Carlo valuation model. The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense for awards subject to market-based vesting conditions regardless of whether it becomes probable that these conditions will be achieved or not, and stock-based compensation expense for any such awards is not reversed if vesting does not actually occur. The Monte Carlo model is based on random projections of stock price paths and must be repeated numerous times to achieve a probabilistic assessment. Expected volatility is calculated based on the historical volatility and implied volatility of the Company’s common stock, and the risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury yield curve rates with maturities consistent with the three-year vesting period.
In connection with the Reverse Split (see Note 5), the Company reduced the number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the Company’s equity incentive plans in proportion to the Reverse Split ratio of 1-for-10. The Reverse Split also reduced the number of shares of common stock issuable upon the vesting of its RSAs in proportion to the Reverse Split ratio of 1-for-10 and caused a proportionate increase in share-based performance criteria applicable to such awards. The Reverse Split has no impact on Net Income (Loss) or total Stockholders’ Equity as of, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
The following table reflects the outstanding RSAs and activity related thereto for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
At September 30, 2020, there was $2.6 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested RSAs. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 0.92 years. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the total fair value of the Company’s restricted stock awards vested was $1.9 million and $3.9 million, respectively.
The entire disclosure for share-based payment arrangement.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef