|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
|LONG-TERM DEBT||LONG-TERM DEBT
The Company’s long-term debt consisted of the following as of the dates indicated:
(1)Debt issuance costs related to the Company’s revolving credit facility of $6.1 million and $6.5 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, are recorded in “Other Noncurrent Assets, Net” on the balance sheets.
2021 First Quarter Refinancing Transactions
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company completed a series of financing transactions related to its debt arrangements, which are summarized as follows:
•completed a common stock offering with net proceeds of $132.9 million, which was primarily intended to finance the cash purchase price for the Reliance Acquisition (see Note 12) that closed on April 1, 2021, but in the interim reduced the Company’s outstanding indebtedness;
•issued $550.0 million in aggregate principal amount of new 8.125% senior unsecured notes due 2028 (the “2028 Notes”), priced at par, with estimated net proceeds of $538.4 million;
•fully repaid and retired all $130.0 million in principal amount of the Company’s 6.0% senior unsecured promissory note due 2022 (the “Unsecured VEN Bakken Note”);
•redeemed and retired $272.1 million in aggregate principal amount of the Company’s 8.500% senior secured second lien notes due 2023 (the “Second Lien Notes”) pursuant to a cash tender offer at a cost of $280.2 million including premiums; and
•reduced the amount of borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility (defined below) from $532.0 million as of December 31, 2020 to $263.0 million as of March 31, 2021.
Revolving Credit Facility
On November 22, 2019, the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders from time to time party thereto, which amended and restated the Company’s prior revolving credit facility that was entered into on October 5, 2018. The Revolving Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on November 22, 2024.
The Revolving Credit Facility is subject to a borrowing base with maximum loan value to be assigned to the proved reserves attributable to the Company and its subsidiaries’ (if any) oil and gas properties. The borrowing base as of March 31, 2021 was $660.0 million. The borrowing base will be redetermined semiannually on or around April 1st and October 1st, with one interim “wildcard” redetermination available between scheduled redeterminations. The April 1st scheduled redetermination shall be based on a January 1st engineering report audited by a third party (reasonably acceptable by the Agent).
At the Company’s option, borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility shall bear interest at the base rate or LIBOR plus an applicable margin. Base rate loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the greatest of: (i) the agent bank’s prime rate; (ii) the federal funds effective rate plus 50 basis points; and (iii) the adjusted LIBOR rate for a one-month interest period plus 100 basis points. The applicable margin for base rate loans ranges from 100 to 200 basis points, and the applicable margin for LIBOR loans ranges from 200 to 300 basis points, in each case depending on the percentage of the borrowing base utilized.
The Revolving Credit Facility contains negative covenants that limit the Company’s ability, among other things, to pay dividends, incur additional indebtedness, maintain excess cash liquidity, sell assets, enter into certain derivatives contracts, change the nature of its business or operations, merge, consolidate, or make certain types of investments. In addition, the Revolving Credit Facility requires that the Company comply with the following financial covenants: (i) as of the date of determination, the ratio of total net debt to EBITDAX (as defined in the Revolving Credit Facility) shall be no more than 3.50 to 1.00, measured on a pro forma rolling four quarter basis, and (ii) the current ratio (defined as consolidated current assets including unused amounts of the total commitments, but excluding non-cash assets under FASB ASC 815, divided by consolidated current liabilities excluding current non-cash obligations under FASB ASC 815 and current maturities under the Revolving Credit Facility, the Second Lien Notes and the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note) shall not be less than 1.00 to 1.00. The Company is in compliance with these financial covenants as of March 31, 2021.
The Company’s obligations under the Revolving Credit Facility may be accelerated, subject to customary grace and cure periods, upon the occurrence of certain Events of Default (as defined in the Revolving Credit Facility). Such Events of Default include customary events for a financing agreement of this type, including, without limitation, payment defaults, the inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults in the performance of affirmative or negative covenants, defaults on other indebtedness of us or the Company’s subsidiaries, defaults related to judgments and the occurrence of a Change in Control (as defined in the Revolving Credit Facility).
The Company’s obligations under the Revolving Credit Facility are secured by mortgages on not less than 90% of the value of proven reserves associated with the oil and gas properties included in the determination of the borrowing base. Additionally, the Company entered into a Guaranty and Collateral Agreement in favor of the Agent for the secured parties, pursuant to which the Company’s obligations under the Revolving Credit Facility are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets.
Unsecured Notes due 2028
On February 18, 2021, the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee, entered into an indenture (the “2028 Notes Indenture”), pursuant to which the Company issued $550.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2028 Notes. The proceeds were used to refinance existing indebtedness, pay a portion of the cash purchase price for the Reliance Acquisition (see Note 12) that closed on April 1, 2021, and for general corporate purposes. The 2028 Notes will mature on March 1, 2028. Interest on the 2028 Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on each March 1 and September 1, commencing September 1, 2021, to holders of record on the February 15 and August 15 immediately preceding the related interest payment date, at a rate of 8.125% per annum.
Prior to March 1, 2024, the Company may redeem all or a part of the 2028 Notes at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2028 Notes redeemed, plus an applicable make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. On or after March 1, 2024, the Company may redeem all or a part of the 2028 Notes at redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) equal to 104.063% for the twelve-month period beginning on March 1, 2024, 102.031% for the twelve-month period beginning on March 1, 2025, and 100% beginning on March 1, 2026, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date.
The 2028 Notes Indenture contains covenants that, among other things, limit the Company’s ability and the ability of its restricted subsidiaries, if any, to: (i) incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue certain types of preferred stock; (ii) pay dividends or distributions in respect of equity interests or redeem, repurchase or retire equity securities or subordinated indebtedness; (iii) transfer or sell certain assets; (iv) make investments; (v) create liens to secure indebtedness; (vi) enter into agreements that restrict dividends or other payments from any non-guarantor subsidiary to the Company; (vii) consolidate with or merge with or into, or sell substantially all of the Company’s assets to, another person; (viii) enter into transactions with affiliates; and (ix) create unrestricted subsidiaries. These covenants are subject to a number of important exceptions and qualifications, and many of these covenants will be terminated if the 2028 Notes achieve an investment grade rating from either Moody’s Investors Services, Inc. or S&P Global Ratings.
The 2028 Notes Indenture contains customary events of default, including, but not limited to: (i) default for 30 days in the payment when due of interest on the 2028 Notes; (ii) default in payment when due of the principal of, or premium, if any, on the 2028 Notes; (iii) failure by the Company or certain of its subsidiaries, if any, to comply with certain of their respective obligations, covenants or agreements contained in the 2028 Notes or the 2028 Notes Indenture, subject to certain notice and grace periods; (iv) failure by the Company or any of its restricted subsidiaries to pay indebtedness within any applicable grace period or the acceleration of any such indebtedness if the total amount of such indebtedness exceeds $35.0 million; (v) failure by the Company or any of its restricted subsidiaries that is a Significant Subsidiary (as defined in the 2028 Notes Indenture) to pay final non-appealable judgments aggregating in excess of $35.0 million, which judgments are not paid, discharged or stayed
for a period of 60 days; (vi) except as permitted by the 2028 Notes Indenture, any guarantee of the 2028 Notes is held in any judicial proceeding to be unenforceable or invalid, or ceases for any reason to be in full force and effect, or is denied or disaffirmed by a Guarantor (as defined in the 2028 Notes Indenture); and (vii) certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency described in the 2028 Notes Indenture with respect to the Company and its restricted subsidiaries that are Significant Subsidiaries.
Second Lien Notes due 2023
In May 2018, the Company issued Second Lien Notes with an aggregate principal amount of $344.3 million (the “Original 2L Notes”) in exchange for certain previously outstanding 8.000% senior unsecured notes due June 1, 2020 (the “Unsecured Notes”). In October 2018, the Company issued an additional $350.0 million aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes (the “Additional 2L Notes”), the proceeds of which were used in connection with the retirement of the Company’s prior term loan credit agreement. In addition, as of and through March 31, 2021, the Company had issued another $4.3 million of additional aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes pursuant to the interest payment-in-kind provisions thereof.
During 2019, the Company repurchased and retired $10.1 million in aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes in open market transactions. In November 2019, the Company completed a cash tender offer to redeem and repay $200.0 million principal amount of Second Lien Notes. Also in November 2019, the Company redeemed and repaid $70.8 million principal amount of Second Lien Notes in exchange for shares of Series A Preferred Stock.
During 2020, the Company repurchased and retired $13.5 million in aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes in open market transactions for cash. During 2020, the Company also repurchased and retired $116.5 million in aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes pursuant to a number of independent, separately negotiated agreements in exchange for aggregate consideration consisting primarily of shares of Series A Preferred Stock and common stock.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company completed a cash tender offer (the “Tender Offer”) pursuant to which it redeemed and retired $272.1 million in aggregate principal amount of the Second Lien Notes. Immediately thereafter, there was $15.7 million in aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes remaining outstanding, which the Company intends to redeem and retire on or about May 15, 2021.
In connection with the Tender Offer, the Company also obtained the consent of holders to amend the indenture governing the Second Lien Notes (the “2L Indenture”). As a result, on February 18, 2021, the Company entered into the Fourth Supplemental Indenture (the “Fourth Supplemental Indenture”) with Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee and as collateral agent, which, among other things, amended the 2L Indenture to eliminate substantially all restrictive covenants and certain of the default provisions contained therein.
Unsecured VEN Bakken Note
On July 1, 2019, the Company issued a 6.0% unsecured promissory note due July 1, 2022, in the aggregate principal amount of $130.0 million to VEN Bakken, LLC in connection with the Company’s acquisition of certain oil and gas properties from VEN Bakken, LLC. Fifty percent (50%) of the original principal amount of the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note was required to be repaid by the Company on or before January 1, 2021, and the remaining unpaid principal amount was required to be repaid by the Company on or before July 1, 2022, in each case together with all accrued but unpaid interest thereon. Interest, at a rate of 6.0% per annum, was due quarterly in arrears on the first day of each calendar quarter, commencing on October 1, 2019. The Unsecured VEN Bakken Note did not include any financial maintenance covenants and is unsecured.
On January 4, 2021, the Company repaid $65.0 million in aggregate principal amount under the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note, which was a scheduled repayment thereunder. On February 18, 2021, the Company used a portion of the proceeds from the 2028 Notes to repay the remaining $65.0 million in aggregate principal amount outstanding under the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note, and as a result the note has been retired in full.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef