Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

FAIR VALUE

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FAIR VALUE
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2021
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
FAIR VALUE FAIR VALUE
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.  Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.  The Company uses a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value which are the following:

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Financial Assets and Liabilities

As required, financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input requires judgment and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.  The following tables set forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
  Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2021 Using
(In thousands) Quoted Prices In Active Markets for Identical Assets (Liabilities)
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Commodity Derivatives – Current Assets $ —  $ 518  $ — 
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Assets —  32  — 
Commodity Derivatives – Current Liabilities —  (140,136) — 
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —  (127,421) — 
Interest Rate Derivatives – Current Liabilities —  (558) — 
Interest Rate Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —  (105) — 
Total $ —  $ (267,670) $ — 
  Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2020 Using
 (In thousands) Quoted Prices In Active Markets for Identical Assets (Liabilities)
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Commodity Derivatives – Current Assets $ —  $ 51,290  $ — 
Commodity Derivatives – Current Liabilities —  (2,504) — 
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Assets —  111  — 
Commodity Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —  (14,214) — 
Interest Rate Derivatives – Current Liabilities —  (574) — 
Interest Rate Derivatives – Noncurrent Liabilities —  (445) — 
Total $ —  $ 33,664  $ — 

Commodity Derivatives. The Level 2 instruments presented in the tables above consist of commodity derivative instruments (see Note 11).  The fair value of the Company’s commodity derivative instruments is determined based upon future prices, volatility and time to maturity, among other things. Counterparty statements are utilized to determine the value of the commodity derivative instruments and are reviewed and corroborated using various methodologies and significant observable inputs.  The Company’s and the counterparties’ nonperformance risk is evaluated.  The fair value of commodity derivative contracts is reflected in the condensed balance sheet.  The current derivative asset and liability amounts represent the fair values expected to be settled in the subsequent twelve months.

Interest Rate Derivatives. The Level 2 instruments presented in the tables above consist of interest rate derivative instruments (see Note 11).  The fair value of the Company’s interest rate derivative instruments is determined based upon contracted notional amounts, active market-quoted LIBOR yield curves, and time to maturity, among other things. Counterparty statements are utilized to determine the value of the interest rate derivative instruments and are reviewed and corroborated using various methodologies and significant observable inputs.  The Company’s and the counterparties’ nonperformance risk is evaluated.  The fair value of interest rate derivative contracts is reflected in the condensed balance sheet.  The current derivative asset and liability amounts represent the fair values expected to be settled in the subsequent twelve months.

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of cash equivalents, receivables and payables approximate fair value due to the highly liquid or short-term nature of these instruments.

Long-term debt is not presented at fair value in the balance sheets, as it is recorded at carrying value, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and unamortized premium or discount (see Note 4).  The fair value of the Company’s 2028 Notes was $595.4
million at June 30, 2021. The fair value of the Company’s 2028 Notes are based on active market quotes, which represent Level 1 inputs.

There is no active market for the Revolving Credit Facility. The recorded value of the Revolving Credit Facility approximates its fair value because of its floating rate structure based on the LIBOR spread, secured interest, and the Company’s borrowing base utilization. The fair value measurement for the Revolving Credit Facility represents a Level 2 input.

Non-Financial Assets and Liabilities

The Company estimates asset retirement obligations pursuant to the provisions of ASC 410.  The initial measurement of asset retirement obligations at fair value is calculated using discounted cash flow techniques and based on internal estimates of future retirement costs associated with oil and natural gas properties.  Given the unobservable nature of the inputs, including plugging costs and reserve lives, the initial measurement of the asset retirement obligations liability is deemed to use Level 3 inputs.  Asset retirement obligations incurred and acquired during the six months ended June 30, 2021 were approximately $8.0 million.

The Company issued common stock warrants in the Company as a part of the Reliance Acquisition as purchase consideration. The common stock warrants issued were to purchase 3,250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $14.00 per share (subject to certain adjustments), which are generally exercisable from June 30, 2021 until April 1, 2028. The fair value of the common stock warrants consideration was determined by utilizing an Option Pricing Model. These non-recurring fair value measurements are primarily determined using inputs observable or can be corroborated by observable market data (Level 2 inputs).

The Company accounts for acquisitions of oil and natural gas properties under the acquisition method of accounting. Accordingly, the Company conducts assessments of net assets acquired and recognizes amounts for identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the estimated acquisition date fair values, while transaction costs associated with the acquisitions are expensed as incurred. The Company makes various assumptions in estimating the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The most significant assumptions relate to the estimated fair value of oil and natural gas properties. The fair value of these properties is measured using a discounted cash flow model that converts future cash flows to a single discounted amount. These assumptions represent Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy. See Note 3 for additional discussion of the Company’s acquisitions of oil and natural gas properties during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and discussion of the significant inputs to the valuations.

Though the Company believes the methods used to estimate fair value are consistent with those used by other market participants, the use of other methods or assumptions could result in a different estimate of fair value.  There were no transfers of financial assets or liabilities between Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 inputs for the six months ended June 30, 2021.