|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2018
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
The Company’s long-term debt consists of the following:
Term Loan Credit Agreement
On November 1, 2017 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into a term loan credit agreement with TPG Specialty Lending, Inc., as administrative agent and collateral agent (in such capacities, the “Agent”), and the lenders from time to time party thereto. The term loan credit agreement provides for the issuance of an aggregate principal amount of up to $500,000,000 in term loans to the Company, consisting of (i) $300,000,000 in initial term loans that were made on the Effective Date (the “Initial Loans”), (ii) $100,000,000 in delayed draw term loans available to the Company, subject to satisfaction of certain conditions precedent described therein, for a period of 18 months after the Effective Date (the “Delayed Draw Loans”), and (iii) up to $100,000,000 in incremental term loans on an uncommitted basis and subject, among other things, to one or more lenders agreeing in the future to make such loans (the “Incremental Loans”) (the Initial Loans, Delayed Draw Loans and the Incremental Loans, collectively, the “Loans”). Amounts borrowed and repaid under the term loan credit agreement may not be reborrowed. The term loan facility provided by the term loan credit agreement matures on November 1, 2022.
Borrowings under the term loan credit agreement bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the “Adjusted LIBO Rate” (subject to a 1.00% floor) plus a 7.75% per annum margin. The “Adjusted LIBO Rate” is equal to the product of: (i) three month LIBOR multiplied by (ii) the statutory reserve rate. Upon the occurrence and continuance of an event of default all outstanding Loans shall bear interest at a rate equal to 3.00% per annum plus the then-effective rate of interest. Interest is payable on the last business day of each March, June, September and December.
A commitment fee will be paid on the unused amount of the delayed draw commitments based on an annual rate of 2.00% (the “Commitment Fee”). The term loan credit agreement also requires the Company to prepay the loans with 100.00% of the net cash proceeds received from certain asset sales, swap terminations, incurrences of borrowed money indebtedness, equity issuances, casualty events and extraordinary receipts, subject to certain exceptions and specified reinvestment rights. Prepayments (including mandatory prepayments), terminations, refinancing, reductions and accelerations under the term loan credit agreement are subject to the payment of a yield maintenance amount for any such prepayment, termination, refinancing, reduction or acceleration occurring within one year of the funding of the applicable Loan that allows the lenders to attain approximately the same yield as if such Loan remained outstanding for the entire 1-year period plus a call protection amount equal to the product of the principal amount of Loans so prepaid, terminated, refinanced, reduced or accelerated multiplied by 7.00%; for any such prepayment, termination, refinancing, reduction or acceleration occurring on or after the one-year anniversary of the funding of the applicable Loan, a call protection amount equal to the product of the principal amount of Loans so prepaid, terminated, refinanced, reduced or accelerated multiplied by (i) 7.00% if occurring within 18 months of the funding of such Loan, (ii) 3.00% if occurring after the 18-month anniversary but on or prior to the 30-month anniversary of the funding of such Loan, or (iii) 1.00% if occurring after the 30-month anniversary but on or prior to the 42-month anniversary of the funding of such Loan, will be due, in each case, as set forth in the term loan credit agreement. Additionally, to the extent that the Loans are refinanced in full or the delayed draw commitments are terminated or reduced prior to the date that is 18 months after the Effective Date, the Company will be required to pay a yield maintenance amount in respect of the Commitment Fee that would have accrued on the delayed draw commitments as set forth in the term loan credit agreement.
The term loan credit agreement contains negative covenants that limit the Company’s ability, among other things, to pay cash dividends, incur additional indebtedness, sell assets, enter into certain derivatives contracts, change the nature of our business or operations, merge, consolidate, or make certain types of investments and require the outstanding principal amount of the Company’s 8.00% senior unsecured notes due 2020 to be no more than $30 million by March 1, 2020. In addition, the term loan credit agreement requires that the Company comply with the following financial covenants: (i) as of any date of determination, the ratio of Total PDP PV-10 (as defined in the term loan credit agreement) plus the aggregate amount of all unrestricted cash and cash equivalents (in accounts subject to control agreements) to the amount of Senior Secured Debt (as defined in the term loan credit agreement) shall not be less than 1.30 to 1.00, (ii) as of the last day of any fiscal quarter, the ratio of Net Senior Secured Debt (as defined in the term loan credit agreement) to EBITDAX (as defined in the term loan credit agreement) for the period of four fiscal quarters then ending on such day will not be greater than 3.75 to 1.00 and (iii) as of any date of determination the Company’s unrestricted cash and cash equivalents (in accounts subject to control agreements) plus the aggregate undrawn delayed draw commitments available to the Company shall not be less than $20.0 million.
The obligations of the Company under the term loan credit agreement may be accelerated upon the occurrence of an Event of Default (as defined in the term loan credit agreement). Events of Default include customary events for a financing agreement of this type, including, without limitation, payment defaults, the inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults in the performance of affirmative or negative covenants, defaults on other indebtedness of the Company or its subsidiaries, bankruptcy or related defaults, defaults related to judgments and the occurrence of a Change in Control (as defined in the term loan credit agreement).
The Company’s obligations under the term loan credit agreement are secured by mortgages on substantially all of the oil and gas properties of the Company subject to the limitations set forth in the Credit Agreement. In connection with the term loan credit agreement, the Company entered into a guaranty and collateral agreement in favor of the Agent for the secured parties, pursuant to which the obligations of the Company under the term loan credit agreement and any swap agreements entered into with swap counterparties are secured by a first-priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company.
8.000% Senior Notes Due 2020
On May 18, 2012, the Company issued at par value $300 million aggregate principal amount of 8.000% senior unsecured notes due June 1, 2020 (the “Original Notes”). On May 13, 2013, the Company issued at a price of 105.25% of par an additional $200 million aggregate principal amount of 8.000% senior unsecured notes due June 1, 2020 (the “2013 Follow-on Notes”). On May 18, 2015, the Company issued at a price of 95.000% of par an additional $200 million aggregate principal amount of 8.000% senior unsecured notes due June 1, 2020 (the “2015 Mirror Notes” and, together with the Original Notes and the 2013 Follow-on Notes, the “Notes”). Interest is payable on the Notes semi-annually in arrears on each of June 1 and December 1. The Company currently does not have any subsidiaries and, as a result, the Notes are not currently guaranteed. Any subsidiaries the Company forms in the future may be required to unconditionally guarantee, jointly and severally, payment obligation under the Notes on a senior unsecured basis. The issuance of the Original Notes resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $291.2 million, the issuance of the 2013 Follow-on Notes resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $200.1 million, and the issuance of the 2015 Mirror Notes resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $184.9 million. Collectively, the net proceeds are in use to fund the Company’s exploration, development and acquisition program and for general corporate purposes (including repayment of borrowings that were outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility at the time the Notes were issued).
Since June 1, 2017, the Company has been authorized to redeem some or all of the Notes at redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) equal to 102% plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Beginning on June 1, 2018, the applicable redemption price will equal the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date.
The Original Notes and the 2013 Follow-on Notes are governed by an Indenture, dated as of May 18, 2012, by and among the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association (the “Original Indenture”). The 2015 Mirror Notes are governed by an Indenture, dated as of May 18, 2015, by and among the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association (the “Mirror Indenture”). The terms and conditions of the Mirror Indenture conform, in all material respects, to the terms and conditions set forth in the Original Indenture. As such, the Mirror Indenture, together with the Original Indenture, are referred to herein as the “Indenture.”
The Indenture restricts the Company’s ability to: (i) incur additional debt or enter into sale and leaseback transactions; (ii) pay distributions on, redeem or, repurchase equity interests; (iii) make certain investments; (iv) incur liens; (v) enter into transactions with affiliates; (vi) merge or consolidate with another company; and (vii) transfer and sell assets. These covenants are subject to a number of exceptions and qualifications. If at any time when the Notes are rated investment grade by both Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services and no Default (as defined in the Indenture) has occurred and is continuing, many of such covenants will terminate and the Company and its subsidiaries (if any) will cease to be subject to such covenants.
The Indenture contains customary events of default, including:
On January 31, 2018, the Company entered into an exchange agreement that was subsequently amended on each of March 20, 2018 and April 2, 2018 (as amended, the “Exchange Agreement”) with holders (the “Supporting Noteholders”) of approximately $497.0 million, or 71%, of the aggregate principal amount of the Company’s outstanding 8.000% senior unsecured notes due 2020 (the “Outstanding Notes”), pursuant to which the Supporting Noteholders have agreed to exchange all of the Outstanding Notes held by each such Supporting Noteholder for approximately $155.0 million of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 (the “Common Stock”), and approximately $344.0 million in aggregate principal amount of new senior secured second lien notes due 2023 (the “Second Lien Notes”) (such proposed exchange, the “Exchange Transaction”).
The obligations of the Supporting Noteholders under the Exchange Agreement, including their obligation to exchange their Outstanding Notes, are subject to the conditions set forth in the Exchange Agreement, including: (a) the Company raises at least $140.0 million in gross cash proceeds from the sale of its common stock (the “Equity Raise”); (b) the Company reincorporates in the State of Delaware; (c) the Company receives shareholder approvals for the issuance of shares in connection with the Exchange Transaction; (d) the Company obtains the requisite consent of the lenders under its term loan credit agreement (including pursuant to an amendment to the terms thereof) to permit the Exchange Transaction; and (e) the agent under the term loan credit agreement and the trustee for the Second Lien Notes enter into a customary intercreditor agreement. The Exchange Agreement will terminate upon written notice of termination by us or the Supporting Noteholders if the Exchange Transaction has not closed on or before May 15, 2018.
The Exchange Agreement contains certain representations, warranties and other agreements by the Company and the Supporting Noteholders. The Company’s and the Supporting Noteholders’ obligations under the Exchange Agreement are subject to various customary conditions set forth in the Exchange Agreement, including the negotiation, execution and delivery of an indenture for the Second Lien Notes and other definitive documentation for the Exchange Transaction. Accordingly, there can be no assurance if or when the Company will consummate the Exchange Transaction and the other transactions contemplated by the Exchange Agreement. The Company will not receive any cash proceeds from the issuance of the Second Lien Notes or the Common Stock to be issued to the Supporting Noteholders pursuant to the Exchange Agreement.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef