DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND PRICE RISK MANAGEMENT
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND PRICE RISK MANAGEMENT||DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND PRICE RISK MANAGEMENT
The Company utilizes commodity price swaps, basis swaps, swaptions and collars (purchased put options and written call options) to (i) reduce the effects of volatility in price changes on the crude oil and natural gas commodities it produces and sells, (ii) reduce commodity price risk and (iii) provide a base level of cash flow in order to assure it can execute at least a portion of its capital spending. In addition, in the first quarter of 2020, the Company began to utilize interest rate swaps to mitigate exposure to changes in interest rates on the Company’s variable-rate indebtedness.
All derivative instruments are recorded on the Company’s balance sheet as either assets or liabilities measured at their fair value (see Note 10). The Company has not designated any derivative instruments as hedges for accounting purposes and does not enter into such instruments for speculative trading purposes. If a derivative does not qualify as a hedge or is not designated as a hedge, the changes in the fair value are recognized in the Company’s condensed statements of operations as a gain or loss on
derivative instruments. Mark-to-market gains and losses represent changes in fair values of derivatives that have not been settled. The Company’s cash flow is only impacted when the actual settlements under the derivative contracts result in making or receiving a payment to or from the counterparty. These cash settlements represent the cumulative gains and losses on the Company’s derivative instruments for the periods presented and do not include a recovery of costs that were paid to acquire or modify the derivative instruments that were settled.
The Company has master netting agreements on individual derivative instruments with certain counterparties and therefore the current asset and liability are netted on the balance sheet and the non-current asset and liability are netted on the balance sheet for contracts with these counterparties.
Commodity Derivative Instruments
The following table presents settlements on commodity derivative instruments and unsettled gains and losses on open commodity derivative instruments for the periods presented which is recorded in the revenue section of our condensed financial statements:
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had a total volume on open commodity oil price swaps of 12.7 million barrels at a weighted average price of approximately $56.05 per barrel. The following table reflects the weighted average price of open commodity price swap derivative contracts as of June 30, 2020, by year with associated volumes.
(1)The Company has entered into crude oil derivative contracts that give counterparties the option to extend certain current derivative contracts for additional periods. Options covering a notional volume of 0.3 million barrels for 2021 are exercisable on or about December 31, 2020. If the counterparties exercise all such options, the notional volume of the Company’s existing crude oil derivative contracts will increase by 0.3 million barrels at a weighted average price of $57.84 per barrel for 2021.
(2)The Company has entered into crude oil derivative contracts that give counterparties the option to extend certain current derivative contracts for additional periods. Options covering a notional volume of 3.1 million barrels for 2022 are exercisable on or about December 31, 2021. If the counterparties exercise all such options, the notional volume of the Company’s existing crude oil derivative contracts will increase by 3.1 million barrels at a weighted average price of $52.68 per barrel for 2022. Additionally, counterparties have options covering a notional volume of 0.7 million barrels for 2023 at a weighted average price of $44.86 per barrel.
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had a total volume on open commodity natural gas price swaps of 12.8 million MMbtu at a weighted average price of approximately $2.41 per MMBtu. The following table reflects the weighted average price of open commodity natural gas price swap derivative contracts as of June 30, 2020, by year with associated volumes.
Interest Rate Derivative Instruments
The Company uses interest rate swaps to effectively convert a portion of its variable rate indebtedness to fixed rate indebtedness. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $200.0 million. The settlement of these derivative instruments is recognized as a component of interest expense in the condensed statements of operations. The mark-to-market component of these derivative instruments is recognized in gain (loss) on unsettled interest rate derivatives, net in the condensed statements of operations.
Other Information Regarding Derivative Instruments
The following table sets forth the amounts, on a gross basis, and classification of the Company’s outstanding derivative financial instruments at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Certain amounts may be presented on a net basis on the condensed financial statements when such amounts are with the same counterparty and subject to a master netting arrangement.
The use of derivative transactions involves the risk that the counterparties will be unable to meet the financial terms of such transactions. When the Company has netting arrangements with its counterparties that provide for offsetting payables against receivables from separate derivative instruments these assets and liabilities are netted on the balance sheet. The tables presented below provide reconciliation between the gross assets and liabilities and the amounts reflected on the balance sheet. The amounts presented exclude derivative settlement receivables and payables as of the balance sheet dates.
All of the Company’s outstanding derivative instruments are covered by International Swap Dealers Association Master Agreements (“ISDAs”) entered into with parties that are also lenders under the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility. The Company’s obligations under the derivative instruments are secured pursuant to the Revolving Credit Facility, and no additional collateral had been posted by the Company as of June 30, 2020. The ISDAs may provide that as a result of certain circumstances, such as cross-defaults, a counterparty may require all outstanding derivative instruments under an ISDA to be settled immediately. See Note 10 for the aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments that were in a net liability position at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef